IUD Services Locally in Fort McMurray
Intrauterine devices (IUDs) are a very common form of long acting contraception that is reversible. The procedure to place and remove an IUD is non-surgical and can be completed locally in the clinic by a single physician.
If you already have plans to use and IUD, simply call and make two appointments:
- The first to discuss your options and to ensure that the IUD is right for you.
- The second to have the procedure completed.
Below is some information that you may find useful regarding IUDs.
To see a complete list women’s health services offered by the Community Care Clinic, please see the Women’s Health Clinic page.
If you’re unsure about what type of contraception is right for you–IUD or otherwise–and not ready to make an appointment, check out www.itsaplan.ca to learn more.
The IUD is very common. An average of 14% of women use it because it is safe and it works. In some countries, upwards of 40% of women use this method.
The IUD may also be referred to as an IUCD / ICD (Intrauterine Contraceptive Device) or alternatively as an IUS (Intrauterine System). Most doctors use these terms to mean the same thing.
There are two primary types of IUD – hormonal and copper. The hormonal IUD releases small amounts of hormone. The copper IUD does not release hormones. Instead, it works by stopping uterus from being ready for an embryo.
There are pros and cons to both types of IUD. The hormonal IUDs are slightly more effective and often result in lighter, shorter, periods with less bleeding. The main advantage of the copper IUD is that it does not release any hormones into your body and sometimes can stay in place for longer than those which are hormonal.
The Mirena is the most commonly used IUD in Canada. It releases the hormone levonorgestrel over a 5 year lifetime and should be removed thereafter. It can be immediately replaced by another Mirna if you would like. To learn more, you can read the Mirena product monograph here.
The Kyleena is also a hormonal, levonorgestrel releasing IUD indicated for contraception up to 5 years. To learn more, you can read the Kyleena product monograph here.
Copper IUDs have a variable lifespan and you should discuss with the physician your ideal plans for leaving it in. It is possible, in some cases to have a copper IUD placed for up to 10 years effectively.
Insertion of the IUD is a simple procedure and can easily be completed in the office after your initial visit.
Once the room is set up and you are comfortable, a speculum will be inserted and your cervix cleaned. A uterine sound will be used to measure the size of your uterus and, if necessary, the cervix will be gently grasped. IUDs are packaged with proprietary insertion tools. Once loaded, this tool is inserted through the cervix and used to position the IUD comfortably within your uterus before removal.
This image shows the IUD after placement. Notice the strings are left visibly exiting the cervix.
Removing the IUD
Once the IUD is placed, removal is generally very simple. Unless there are complications, the IUD strings will remain visible where it exits the cervix as shown in the picture above. These strings can be easily grasped by any physician and gently pulled to achieve removal at any future visit. The procedure to remove an IUD usually takes no more than 10-30 seconds once the cervix is visualized.
The primary concerns when removing and IUD are:
- The immediate return to fertility.
- The cost of the IUD which cannot be recuperated.